Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine: symptoms and treatment

leeches on the lower back with osteochondrosis

ICD-10 code - Osteochondrosis of the spine (M42)

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine is a degenerative-dystrophic lesion in the spine. This disease of the lumbosacral spine is one of the most common in modern medicine. In both women and men, the disease can cause temporary disability, as well as disability.

Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine has a chronic course, with a period of exacerbation.

Sources of the disease

Medicine does not name unequivocal reasons that can cause such a disease in both women and men. So, we can conclude that the disease is multifactorial. The most popular theory about the development of the disease is a systematic process of tension of the muscular system, non-physiological muscle tension, as a result of which the vertebral segments are overloaded, their blood circulation worsens. As a result, degeneration of the intervertebral discs, which leads to the occurrence of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine.

The following causes of the development of the disease in women and men are no less common:

  • Causes that lie in endocrine and metabolic disorders.
  • Causes, consisting in a hereditary predisposition to the disease.
  • Causes that stem from microtrauma, as well as autoimmune disorders.
  • Causes that are associated with pathological processes of internal organs.

The most predisposed to the development of osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine are people who have suffered a back injury or who lead a sedentary lifestyle.

back pain with lumbar osteochondrosis

Symptoms of the disease

Medicine will highlight the following symptoms, manifested at different degrees of the disease in both women and men:

  • 1 degree.You can note the manifestation of pain, which causes irritation of the nerve endings. There are local, acute or dull symptoms of pain in the lumbar spine. Quite often the pain is shown in other place and is called reflex. The following symptoms can also be noted: impaired circulation of the limbs and ligaments, as well as internal organs. As a result of impaired blood circulation, symptoms of pain appear in the area of attachment of the ligaments to the bone. Seals in this area are also noted. There are symptoms of pain in the lumbosacral segment, which radiate to the lower extremities. The functioning of the urinary system may be disturbed.
  • 2 degree.You can note the symptoms of discomfort in the lumbar spine, constant muscle fatigue.
  • 3 degree.There are symptoms associated with radicular syndrome. Such symptoms caused by radicular syndrome consist in a violation of the sensitivity of the affected area. Symptoms associated with radicular syndrome do not appear immediately. At its onset, the symptoms are expressed in hypersensitivity, burning, tingling. Subsequently, there is a feeling of numbness, up to a complete loss of sensitivity. Symptoms associated with radicular syndrome cause dysfunction of the motor system, including paralysis and atrophy. Also, the symptoms associated with radicular syndrome are the manifestation of pain, which is localized along the length of the legs. In addition to signs with radicular syndrome, there is a violation of the sensitivity and motor functioning of the lower extremities.
  • back pain with osteochondrosis
  • 4 degree.Symptoms of pain with radicular syndrome are less pronounced. At the same time, the range of motion of the spine is limited.

Basic treatment

The doctor makes a diagnosis based on the diagnosis. MRI, ECG, ultrasound and other studies will help to establish the correct diagnosis. You also need to do an X-ray examination.

How to treat lumbar osteochondrosis in women and men? Osteochondrosis of the lumbar spine involves a complex treatment that lasts a long time. As a rule, such treatment works at an advanced stage of the disease, when there are multiple protrusions or intervertebral hernias.

Treatment should be selected and carried out strictly individually in each case.

Treatment of muscle spasms should be carried out with the help of drugs - muscle relaxants.

drugs for the treatment of lumbar osteochondrosis

Medicine determines that treatment with muscle relaxants, together with the use of NSAIDs, physiotherapy and massage sessions, contributes to a faster recovery.

Blockade as a remedy

Blockade in osteochondrosis consists in injections with drugs that are injected into the affected area. Treatment with a method such as blockade will help to instantly relieve pain. The blockade consists of local anesthetic drugs.

Treatment in such a way as novocaine blockade is the most popular in modern medicine. To relieve pain, the blockade is carried out once every three days. It can also be noted that blockade in osteochondrosis is the safest method of treatment.

blockade in lumbar osteochondrosis

The blockade, in general, does not cause side effects, because the effect of the drug is local. It is possible to carry out treatment by such a method as a blockade indefinitely, with each exacerbation of the disease.

In addition, to relieve pain, the blockade is used to eliminate inflammation, swelling, and improve metabolism. To prolong the therapeutic effect, such a method as a blockade should include several drugs at the same time (Novocaine and corticosteroids). Blockade should be carried out by an experienced doctor.

Proper nutrition is the key to health

In the case of osteochondrosis, as in any other disease, nutrition should be balanced, low-calorie, rich in various vitamins and minerals.

The nutrition of both women and men should be rich in collagen, which acts like chondroprotectors.

This component is saturated with jellied fish and jelly. If you include jellied meat in your diet, you can significantly improve the condition of the connective tissue. Also, nutrition should include a sufficient amount of fluid intake to maintain the condition of the tissues in the intervertebral discs.

There is a different diet for people with osteochondrosis. Which one is suitable for each specific case, the attending physician will determine.

food for lumbar osteochondrosis

Hoop as a means of prevention

Such a tool as a hoop has been known since the time of our parents. The hoop is used both to improve well-being and to maintain the figure. You can spin the hoop both at home and in the gym. The most important advantage is the availability of gymnastics and simplicity.

But treatment with such a method as a hoop has its drawbacks. Before twisting the hoop, you need to consult a doctor. If there is a hernia of the lumbar region, it is forbidden to twist the hoop. If a diagnosis of the thoracic spine is established, preventive exercises can be done.

If you twist the hoop to a person healthy from osteochondrosis, you can improve the functioning of the back muscles. Also, the hoop contributes to the active functioning of the vertebral section, which is an excellent prophylactic.

Summing up, it is worth noting that if you twist the hoop with osteochondrosis of the lumbar, the entire load falls on the affected area. The hoop can cause pain to ease, but after a while it will return again and with greater force.

hoop rotation for lumbar osteochondrosis

Hirudotherapy as a method of treating osteochondrosis

It is possible and possible to cure the disease with hirudotherapy! Leeches have a healing effect on the human body. Due to the action of the leech, there is a decrease in painful manifestations, the therapeutic effect of the consumed drugs and physical education is enhanced, and the patient's recovery process is accelerated.

Treatment with the application of a leech is the beneficial effect of the enzyme produced by it. Such an enzyme is secreted with the help of leech saliva.

During the treatment, the doctor applies a leech to the affected area. The leech bites through the upper layer of the skin, releasing its saliva into it, which can cure thrombosis, prevent blood clotting, and speed up the biochemical process. Also, the action of a leech is aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, as well as their expansion.

setting leeches for lumbar osteochondrosis

Medical leeches are completely sterile. To cure a disease with a leech, you need to follow the sequence of actions - the duration of the first two sessions of treatment with a leech lasts no more than thirty minutes. The third session involves the presence of a leech on the body for an hour. The wound after the leech is not treated with anything, and after the removal of the leech, the patient is forbidden to lay on his back. This is necessary to prevent bleeding.

It is possible to cure osteochondrosis in both women and men with ten procedures, between which you need to take a break of five days.

And the most important rule: a timely visit to a doctor will help to avoid negative consequences.